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Common Conditions


What Is Balanitis?

Balanitis is an infection involving the tip of the penis and the foreskin. It normally occurs in uncircumcised male babies and children, but it can occur in uncircumcised males of any age. The infection is normally caused by yeast or bacteria, but it can also occur when the skin on the penis is irritated by harsh chemicals or as the result of an allergic reaction. Signs and symptoms of balanitis may include:

  • Redness
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Inability to retract the foreskin

It is common for the discharge, dead skin cells, and oils to collect in the loose folds of the foreskin, which can form a foul-smelling substance called smegma. The best way to prevent balanitis is to make sure that you keep your child’s private parts clean by gently pulling back the foreskin and cleaning the area with a mild soap and water. It is also important to dry the area completely before releasing the foreskin. If you suspect that your child has a balanitis infection, an MD Now provider can recommend the appropriate treatment.

What Is Phimosis?

Phimosis is a condition in which the glans and foreskin of the penis remain connected so that the foreskin cannot be retracted. It is very common in uncircumcised male babies and toddlers for the foreskin to remain attached during the first few years of life, but most cases resolve naturally by about age 3. The condition can occur in older boys and adult males as the result of repeated urinary tract infections, repeated infections or trauma to the foreskin, sexually transmitted infections, and certain skin conditions. Not everyone with the condition experiences symptoms. The most common issues involve difficulty passing urine and infections. Treatments range from medications to manage any infections, to surgery to remove or release the foreskin.

What Is a Candida Infection?

Candida is a yeast that lives naturally inside and outside our bodies. A candida infection occurs when the yeast grows out of balance. Candida symptoms vary based on the part of the body affected. Oral candida symptoms may include white or yellow patches on the inside of the mouth, pain when swallowing, redness or soreness of the mouth or throat, and cracking at the corners of the mouth. Genital candida symptoms may include redness and swelling of the genitals, itching around the genitals, and pain and burning with urination. Depending on the type, location, and severity of the infection, most candida infections can be treated with antifungal creams, ointments, rinses, or medications.

What Are My Options for Oral Yeast Infection Treatment?

Thrush is another name for a candida infection of the mouth. An MD Now provider can recommend the appropriate thrush treatment for mouth and tongue candida infections, such as nystatin, fluconazole, or clotrimazole.

 


Umbilical Cord Hernia


How Can I Tell If My Baby Has an Umbilical Cord Hernia?

During pregnancy, the umbilical cord connects to the baby to the mother’s placenta through an opening in the baby’s abdomen. This opening becomes the umbilicus or navel/belly button after the umbilical cord stump falls off. An umbilical hernia occurs when this opening in the baby’s abdomen fails to close completely, which may allow the intestines to poke through. An umbilical hernia is typically most noticeable when the child coughs, cries, or strains during a bowel movement when the increase in abdominal pressure causes a bulge around the belly button. Even if you cannot see a bulge, you may be able to feel one.

Should My Child Have an Umbilical Hernia Repair?

Umbilical hernias are not normally painful and most resolve or get smaller with time. If the hernia is large or does not resolve by the time your child is 4 or 5 years old, your healthcare provider may recommend an umbilical hernia repair. You should seek immediate medical attention if the area around the belly button becomes painful, discolored, or swollen. This may indicate that the intestines have become trapped in the hole and are unable to go back into the abdomen.


Diaper Rash


What Should I Do if My Infant Has a Severe Diaper Rash?

Almost all babies experience a diaper rash at some point. The most common causes of diaper rash include:

  • Allowing the infant to wear a dirty diaper too long
  • Irritation from rubbing and chafing
  • Yeast infections
  • Bacterial infections
  • Allergic reactions

The best way to prevent a diaper rash is to keep your infant’s bottom as clean and dry as possible. If your infant develops a bad rash, you can try the following measures:

  • Use a squirt bottle to clean the area instead of rubbing
  • Allow your child to go diaper-free when possible so that the skin can heal quicker
  • Apply a cream or ointment containing zinc oxide or petroleum to protect the skin

You should consult an MD Now provider if you notice any of the following:

  • The rash worsens or does not improve within a couple of days.
  • Your child seems sluggish or develops a fever.
  • You notice a red rash with white lesions or scales, which may indicate a yeast infection.
  • You notice yellow, fluid-filled bumps that develop a honey-colored crust. This may indicate a bacterial infection that requires antibiotics.

The content provided on the MD Now website is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for receiving medical care and treatment from a qualified healthcare provider. Never delay seeking advice, evaluation, and treatment from a medical professional because of what you’ve read on this site, since the information provided may not apply to you or your symptoms.