Cholesterol: The Good, the Bad, and the Big Picture
Present in every cell of the body, cholesterol has a significant effect on your well-being. The consequences of cholesterol levels can be beneficial or dangerous depending upon the type being measured. While one type (HDL) is associated with positive health outcomes at higher levels, the other (LDL) is a contributing risk factor for a number of medical conditions, including high blood pressure and heart disease.
What is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that comes from two sources. In addition to foods like eggs and butter, red meat contains a saturated fat, which the body converts into cholesterol. The liver also produces cholesterol naturally. At normal levels, the nutrient is an essential substance that performs the following four critical metabolic functions:
- Creating the structure of cell walls
- Producing digestive bile acids that help digest food
- Manufacturing certain hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone
- Generating vitamin D
Cholesterol circulates through the bloodstream by adhering to lipoproteins. The size and shape of these complex structures determine their classification and whether they are considered harmful or beneficial.
Types of Cholesterol
There are two types of cholesterol. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is the bad type of cholesterol. This unhealthy substance can cause plaque to accumulate on the interior portion of your arteries. This restricts blood flow and raises the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke. Blocked arteries reduce the flow of oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body. The higher the amount of LDL cholesterol present in your blood, the greater your chances are of developing heart problems.
High-density lipoprotein, or HDL, is the good cholesterol. It helps remove excess cholesterol from your body and transports the lipid to your liver for removal with other metabolic byproducts. In the United States, more than 73 million adults suffer from elevated LDL levels. A helpful hint is to remember “H” for high and “L” for low. You want higher levels of HDL cholesterol and lower levels of LDL cholesterol.
How to Lower Cholesterol
At MD Now, we urge you to keep your cholesterol level in check by making healthy lifestyle choices. These include:
- Watching what you eat. Limit the amount of foods containing cholesterol, such as dairy products, red meat, and baked goods, as well as processed and fried foods. Choose healthy foods like fruit, vegetables, and whole grains, along with low-fat dairy products and healthy fats.
- Getting regular exercise, and watch your weight. Being physically active and shedding those extra pounds helps lower your level of LDL cholesterol while raising the level of HDL cholesterol.
- Not smoking. The oxidative stress damages your arteries by raising the level of bad cholesterol while lowering the amount of good cholesterol.
Genetics plays a significant role in how much cholesterol is produced by your body. Factors beyond your control could generate too much cholesterol or make it difficult for your body to remove it. This means that even if your lifestyle is healthy, MD Now recommends that come in to any of our locations and have your cholesterol level checked regularly. People with certain medical conditions like diabetes and thyroid problems may also have difficulty controlling the levels of cholesterol in their bodies.
Because high amounts of cholesterol may not cause obvious symptoms, you should monitor your levels by having a cholesterol test performed at least once every five years. You should be tested more often if you have a family history of high cholesterol and heart disease.
Testing Your Cholesterol Level
When patients have a cholesterol screening at urgent care clinics, a blood test called a lipoprotein panel will be ordered. It is used to determine the levels of cholesterol in your body. Along with triglycerides, a type of blood fat, the results will show the total amount of cholesterol, as well as the individual levels of LDL and HDL cholesterol. While there are desirable goals, your normal cholesterol levels will also depend upon your individual circumstances. Having a cholesterol test at urgent care centers will help you keep your cholesterol within these recommended ranges and reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Along with recommending appropriate lifestyle choices, your doctor may prescribe medication to control your cholesterol. These statin drugs, as well as prescription doses of niacin and bile-acid sequestrants, can help prevent heart attacks and strokes by lowering the amount of cholesterol in your body. Your doctor will determine whether these drugs are right for you based on factors like your age, medical history, and lab results. If you have questions, you can stop by the nearest MD Now Urgent Care to discuss your concerns with a doctor.
MD Now Is Your Source for the Highest-Quality Care
Discover the caring, convenient, and cost-efficient treatment that can always be found at MD Now. All of our locations operate on a walk-in, no-appointment basis with hours to conveniently suit your schedule. With 26 locations throughout Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami-Dade counties, quality care is always within your reach. For the Florida locations nearest you, visit https://www.mymdnow.com/locations.
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MD Now® Urgent Care Walk-In Medical Centers is the leading provider of fast and affordable urgent care to adults and children in Palm Beach, Broward, and Miami-Dade counties. Our state-of-the-art, walk-in medical centers are open seven days a week to deliver an affordable and convenient alternative to long emergency room wait times and the limited hours of family physicians. No appointment is necessary and major insurance plans are accepted. In addition to providing a comprehensive range of urgent care services to treat a variety of illnesses and injuries, our multiple locations offer digital x-rays, EKG, lab testing, physicals, immunizations, vaccines, occupational medicine, travel medicine and selected primary care services. Find the medical care you need with the convenience you want at MD Now. Online: www.MDNow.com.